- Birthday: 09. April 1948
- Birthplace: Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
- Awards: Filmfare Award for Best Actress, Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress, Filmfare Award for Lifetime Achievement, IIFA Award for Best Supporting Actress, Star Guild Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role, Zee Cine Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role – Female
Jaya Bachchan (Bengali: জয়া ভাদুড়ি বচ্চন, Hindi: जया बच्चन, Urdu: جیا بچن) (born Jaya Bhaduri; 1948) is an Indian politician and former actress. She is the wife of Amitabh Bachchan, and the mother of Shweta Bachchan-Nanda and Abhishek Bachchan. Bachchan Has been praised by critics for her performances. she has won nine Filmfare Awards including three for Best Actress and three for Best Supporting Actress, which makes her the overall most-awarded performer in the female acting categories, along with Nutan. She was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 2007.In 1992, she was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India.
Her film debut as an adult was in Guddi (1971), directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, with whom she would collaborate in several films. She was noted for her performances in films, including Uphaar (1971), Koshish (1972), Kora Kagaz (1974), among others. She also shared scream space with her husband. Following her marriage and the birth of her children, Bachchan restricted her film work for some years, and after her appearance in the 1981 film Silsila, she took an indefinite sabbatical from films. She returned to acting with Govind Nihlani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa in 1998. Since then, she has appeared in such films as Fiza (2000), Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001), Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003), which garnered her several awards and nominations.