• Birthplace: Mumbai, India


Muzaffar Adeeb (1934 – March 26, 2006) was a Pakistani film actor. He appeared in 38 films from 1940 to 1998, although he did not start performing in films until the 1950s. In 1960, he shifted from Bombay (now Mumbai), India, to Lahore, Pakistan and resumed his film career that lasted until his death.

He was born in Bombay in a conservative Pakhtun (Pathan) family from Kashmir. His family moved on to Bombay before independence in 1947 and that is where the actor in him emerged, after the completion of his Master's Degree in Urdu literature from Bombay University Maharashtra. Unlike his contemporaries, scriptwriting was the first love of Adeeb, who worked in the scriptwriting department with Raj Kapoor's father, Prithvi Raj Kapoor, in Prithvi Theatre and later with Indian National Theatre as assistant director. It is during this time in India that he got to know the basics of acting which later helped him enthral generations of audience.

Although he worked in minor roles in his initial career, it was Zia Sarhadi's Footpath (1953) that gave him his first breakthrough role opposite Dilip Kumar, Meena Kumari and Anwar Hussain (Nargis's brother). He worked in 30 films during his stay in India including Mehndi, Pak Daman and Jung, before migrating to Pakistan in 1962, on the insistence of director Akbar Ali Akku and actor/director Iqbal Yusuf, son of Adeeb’s close friend, director S.M. Yusuf. He settled in Karachi and later moved on to Lahore in search of roles which kept pouring in from the ‘60s until his very last film – Syed Noor’s super-hit Majajan.

In an era when on-screen villainy in Pakistani films was ruled by good looking villains such as Aslam Pervez, Masood Akhtar and even Mohammad Ali (in his initial films), Adeeb made his entry with Daal Mein Kala (1964), which was directed by Iqbal Yusuf and featured Syed Kamal and Bahar in the lead along with late actors Nirala and Mohammad Ali. In the coming years, he became close to Mohammad Ali and the two acted in numerous successful films such as Kaneez (1965), Aadil and Baghi Sardar (1966), Hatim Tai (1967), Mahal (1968), Naaz (1969), Aansoo Ban Gaye Moti (1970), Dushman (1974), Shirin Farhad (1975), Haider Ali (1978), Josh (1979), Sangram (1981), Zanjeer (1986) with Rocky Dada being their last film together in 1987.

He was at ease in both Urdu and Punjabi films, playing memorable roles in countless films opposite other actors such as Sultan Rahi in Maula Jat and Andaata, Waheed Murad in Eid Mubarak and Kaneez (1965), Saaz Aur Awaaz (1965), Rishta Hai Pyar Ka (1967), Aik Nagina (1969), Afsana (1970) and Dushman (1974), Syed Kamal in Daal Main Kaala (1962) and Shab Bakhair and Nadeem in Talaash (1986), Ustadon Kay Ustad (1990) and Khazana (1995). Late directors in their films – Rangeela's Diya Aur Toofan (1969) and Riaz Shahid's Gharnata and Yeh Aman (both 1971) – gave Adeeb tailor-made roles to show his true potential. Interestingly, he was one of the few actors to work with actor Shaan's father, Riaz Shahid, and portray the character of his father on-screen, lastly in Majajan.

During his last days, he was more active on stage than in films and depicted the role of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan in one of his last TV plays. In a career spanning over 50 years, Adeeb featured in more than 600 films, depicting villainous roles in different shades such as a deceiving brother, cruel father, nasty husband, dishonest friend and brutal landlord. Adeeb died on March 26, 2006, at the Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore, where he was admitted after suffering a heart attack the previous week.