- Birthday: 13. October 1911
- Birthplace: Bhagalpur, Bihar, British India
- Awards: 1959 - Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, 1962 - Filmfare Best Actor Award, Rakhi, 1963 - Bengal Film Journalists' Association - Best Actor Award (Hindi), Gumrah, 1966 - Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award, Afsana, 1969 - Filmfare Best Actor Award, Aashirwaad, 1969 - National Film Awards for Best Actor, Aashirwaad, 1969 - Bengal Film Journalists' Association - Best Actor Award (Hindi), Aashirwaad[, 1988 - Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award for cinematic excellence, 1994 - Star Screen Lifetime Achievement Award, 1995 - Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award, 1998 - Padma Bhushan, 2001 - Awadh Samman by the Government of Uttar Pradesh, 2007 - "Special Award" by Star Screen Awards
Ashok Kumar (Bengali: অশোক কুমার গাঙ্গুলী) (13 October 1911 – 10 December 2001), Born Kumudlal Ganguly (Bengali: কুমুদলাল গাঙ্গুলী) and also fondly called Dadamoni, (Bengali: দাদামণি) was an Indian film actor who attained iconic status in Indian cinema. He was honoured in 1988 with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the highest national award for cinema artists, by the Government of India and also received the Padma Bhushan the same year in 1998 for his contributions to Indian cinema.
Ashok Kumar was born Kumudlal Ganguly in Bhagalpur, then in the Bengal Presidency and now lying in Bihar, into a Bengali Brahmin family. His father, Kunjlal Ganguly, was a lawyer while his mother, Gouri Devi, was a home-maker. Kumudlal (as he was then known) was the eldest of four children. A couple of years younger to him was his only sister, Sati Devi, who was married at a very young age to Sashadhar Mukherjee and became the matriarch of a large "film family". More than fourteen years younger than Kumudlal was his next brother, Kalyan (b.1926), who later took the screen name Anoop Kumar, and youngest of all was Abhas (b.1929), whose screen name was Kishore Kumar and who became a phenomenally successful playback singer of Hindi films. Although the eldest of the three brothers by several years, Ashok Kumar outlived his siblings. In fact, he stopped celebrating his birthday after his youngest brother, Kishore, died on that very day (Ashok's birthday) in 1987.